BISMILA-HIR RAHMA-NIR RAHIM ￼
May the eternal peace of Allah be with you this day. This is a brief- account of how Isma’il [Ishmael] and Hagar prefigured (foreshadowed) Maryam (the virgin Mary) and Isa al-Masih (Christ the Messiah). We must remember how the Honored Qur’an speaks highly of Isa al-Masih (Christ the Messiah). In the Honored Qur’an we find the following:
Over 90 verses in the Honored Qur’an speak of Isa al-Masih (Christ the Messiah). He is mentioned in 15 suras, we must take serious note of this. Why would the respected Prophet Mohammed mention Isa al-Masih so often if He were not important for the people living today?
002.253 تِلْكَ الرُّسُلُ فَضَّلْنَا بَعْضَهُمْ عَلَى بَعْضٍ مِنْهُمْ مَنْ كَلَّمَ اللَّهُ وَرَفَعَ بَعْضَهُمْ دَرَجَاتٍ وَآتَيْنَا عِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ الْبَيِّنَاتِ وَأَيَّدْنَاهُ بِرُوحِ الْقُدُسِ وَلَوْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ مَا اقْتَتَلَ الَّذِينَ مِنْ بَعْدِهِمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَتْهُمُ الْبَيِّنَاتُ وَلَكِنِ اخْتَلَفُوا فَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ آمَنَ وَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ كَفَرَ وَلَوْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ مَا اقْتَتَلُوا وَلَكِنَّ اللَّهَ يَفْعَلُ مَا يُرِيدُ
002.253 Those messengers We endowed with gifts, some above others: To one of them Allah spoke; others He raised to degrees (of honour); to Jesus the son of Mary We gave clear (Signs), and strengthened him with the holy spirit. If Allah had so willed, succeeding generations would not have fought among each other, after clear (Signs) had come to them, but they (chose) to wrangle, some believing and others rejecting. If Allah had so willed, they would not have fought each other; but Allah Fulfilleth His plan.
Sura: 002.253 Al-Baqara
003.003 نَزَّلَ عَلَيْكَ الْكِتَابَ بِالْحَقِّ مُصَدِّقًا لِمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَأَنْزَلَ التَّوْرَاةَ وَالإنْجِيلَ
003.003 It is He Who sent down to thee (step by step), in truth, the Book, confirming what went before it; and He sent down the Law (of Moses) and the Gospel (of Jesus) before this, as a guide to mankind, and He sent down the criterion (of judgment between right and wrong).Sura 003.003 Aal-E-Imran
005.046 وَقَفَّيْنَا عَلَى آثَارِهِمْ بِعِيسَى ابْنِ مَرْيَمَ مُصَدِّقًا لِمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ مِنَ التَّوْرَاةِ وَآتَيْنَاهُ الإنْجِيلَ فِيهِ هُدًى وَنُورٌ وَمُصَدِّقًا لِمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ مِنَ التَّوْرَاةِ وَهُدًى وَمَوْعِظَةً لِلْمُتَّقِينَ
005.046 And in their footsteps We sent Jesus the son of Mary, confirming the Law that had come before him: We sent him the Gospel: therein was guidance and light, and confirmation of the Law that had come before him: a guidance and an admonition to those who fear Allah.
004.136 يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا آمِنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَالْكِتَابِ الَّذِي نَزَّلَ عَلَى رَسُولِهِ وَالْكِتَابِ الَّذِي أَنْزَلَ مِنْ قَبْلُ وَمَنْ يَكْفُرْ بِاللَّهِ وَمَلائِكَتِهِ وَكُتُبِهِ وَرُسُلِهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ فَقَدْ ضَلَّ ضَلالا بَعِيدًا
004.136 O ye who believe! Believe in Allah and His Messenger, and the scripture which He hath sent to His Messenger and the scripture which He sent to those before (him). Any who denieth Allah, His angels, His Books, His Messengers, and the Day of Judgment, hath gone far, far astray. Sura 004.136 An-Nisa
Before venturing upon the task of reading the Holy Books it is always necessary that we enter into private prayer (du’a) for Allah’s Divine Guidance. This type of prayer (du’a) ought to be part of our ‘natural religion’ (din el fitra). Speaking with Allah as to a intimate friend (Khalil).
In the Honored Qur’an we find that the Taurat (Law of Moses) and Injeel (Gospel of Isa al-Masih) were highly spoken of by the Respected Prophet Mohammed. In these Holy Books, are found so many similarities between two women, Hagar, (second wife of Ibrahim) and Maryam (the virgin Mary) and their sons Isma’il and Isa al-Masih (Christ the Messiah). In the Honored Qur’an the Taurat (known as the ‘Book’, or the Law of Moses-Old Testament of the Bible) is mentioned 65 times and the Injeel (Gospel of Isa al-Masih, the New Testament) is mentioned 44 times. This alone ought to tell us something. According to the Honored Qur’an these Holy Books need to be respected and honored as they were given by Allah. Thus we turn to these sacred volumes of Scriptures.
1. Both of the young women in this account were unmarried.
Hagar the servant handmaid in Sarai’s home. Genesis 16:1 ‘Now Sarai Abram's wife bare him no children: and she had an handmaid, an Egyptian, whose name was Hagar.’ Thus Hagar foreshadowed Maryam the virgin who would bear a Son in her virginity.
Maryam virgin- Isaiah 7:14 ‘Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.’
2. Both women married men who were considerably older.
Hagar married to Ibrahim [Abraham]: Genesis 16:16 And Abram was fourscore and six years old , when Hagar bare Ishmael to Abram. This foreshadowed Maryam who would also marry an older man.
Maryam married to Yusef [Joseph]. Yusef had other children by a previous marriage. Mark 6:3 ‘Is not this the carpenter [Isa], the son of Mary, the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon? and are not his sisters here with us? And they were offended at him.’ Please note: Yusef was not the father of Isa al-Masih. Isa was born through a miracle of the Holy Spirit. Luke 1:35 “And the angel answered and said unto her [Maryam], The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest [Allah] shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing [Isa al-Masih] which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God [Allah].”
3. Both women were visited by ‘Heavenly Messengers’.
Hagar: Genesis 16:7 “And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.”
Maryam: Luke 1:26-27 “And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God [Allah] unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph [Yusef], of the house of David [Daud]; and the virgin's name was Mary [Maryam].”
4. Both women submitted to Heavens’ message.
Hagar: Genesis16:9 “And the angel of the LORD said unto her [Hagar], Return to thy mistress, and submit thyself under her hands.”
Maryam: Luke 1:38 “And Mary [Maryam] said, Behold the handmaid of the Lord; be it unto me according to thy word. And the angel departed from her.”
5. Both women were ‘handmaids’ (slaves or servants.)
Hagar: Handmaid of Sarai. Genesis 16:1 “Now Sarai Abram's wife bare him no children: and she had an handmaid, an Egyptian, whose name was Hagar.” This show that Hagar foreshadowed Maryam the handmaid of Allah through whom Isa al-Masih (Christ the Messiah) would come.
Maryam: Handmaid of Allah. Luke 1:38 “And Mary said, Behold the handmaid of the Lord; be it unto me according to thy word. And the angel departed from her.”
6. Both women flee into the desert towards Egypt.
Hagar: when severely oppressed by Sarai she flees towards Egypt her former home. Genesis 16:6-7 “But Abram said unto Sarai, Behold, thy maid is in thy hand; do to her as it pleaseth thee. And when Sarai dealt hardly with her, she fled from her face. And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.” This incident with Hagar, foreshadowed the Hijra (flight) of Maryam with baby Isa al-Masih to Egypt.
Maryam: with Isa al-Masih after he was born. Matthew 2:13 “And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph [Yusef] in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the young child [Isa al-Masih] and his mother [Maryam], and flee [Hijra] into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him.”
7. Both women were chosen to bear offspring.
Hagar: Genesis 16:2 “And Sarai said unto Abram…I pray thee, go in unto my maid; it may be that I may obtain children by her.”.
Genesis 16:11 “And the angel of the LORD said unto her [Hagar], Behold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son…”
Maryam: Luke 1:28 “And the angel came in unto her [Maryam], and said, Hail, thou that art highly favoured, the Lord [Allah] is with thee: blessed art thou among women.”
Luke 1:31 ‘And, behold, thou [Maryam] shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS [Isa al-Masih].’
8. Both women were told their son’s name prior to being born..
Hagar’s son Genesis 16:11 ‘And the angel of the LORD said unto her… thou…shalt call his name Ishmael”… [Isma’il, Allah shall hear]. This foreshadowed the coming of a Son whom Allah again would name: Isa al-Masih (Christ the Messiah)
Maryam’s Son: Matthew 1:21 …“thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.” Matthew 1:23 “Behold, a virgin shall be with child…and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God [Allah] with us.”
9. Both of the womens’ sons were “first born"
Hagar: Isma’il, Hagar’s first born. Genesis 16:15 “And Hagar [the slave woman] bare Abram a son: and Abram called his son's name, which Hagar bare, Ishmael.”
Maryam: Psalm 89:27 “Also I [Allah] will make him [Isa al-Masih son of Maryam] my firstborn” Luke 2:7 “And she [Maryam] brought forth her firstborn son [Isa], and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the inn.”
10. Both of the sons were blessed by Allah.
Hagar: Genesis 17:20 “And as for Ishmael, I [Allah] have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation.”
Maryam: Luke 1:28 “And the angel came in unto her, and said, Hail, thou that art highly favoured, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women.” Luke 1:42 “And she spake out with a loud voice, and said, Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb.”
11. Both women were in agony over their sons’ anguish..
Hagar: As Hagar and Isma’il are sent away into the wilderness. The water is gone and Isma’il is dying from thirst in the desert. Genesis 21:15-16 “And the water was spent in the bottle, and she cast the child under one of the shrubs. And she went, and sat her down over against him a good way off, as it were a bowshot: for she said, Let me not see the death of the child. And she sat over against him, and lifted up her voice, and wept.” This foreshadowed the suffering of Maryam over her son Isa al-Masih.
Maryam at Golgotha, her son is dying upon the cross: John 19:28 “After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst.”
12. Both women had their high hopes dashed to pieces:
Hagar felt honored by bearing Ibrahim’s first born. This made her son respected and the long sought for heir to all of Ibrahim’s wealth and honor, but her hopes were devastated as she is driven from Ibrahim’s home into the wilderness. Genesis 21:14 “And Abraham…took bread, and…water, and gave it unto Hagar…and the child, and sent her away: and she departed, and wandered in the wilderness of Beersheba.” This foreshadowed the disappointment and grief of Maryam, concerning Isa al-Masih, when she saw Him nailed to a cross. She had thought He would rule Israel and take the throne of David. Luke 24:21 “But we trusted that it had been he [Isa] which should have redeemed Israel”…
Maryam: Highly honored and favoured by Allah, when told that she would bear a son, the Messiah, (Isa al-Masih) through the Holy Spirit, called the ‘Heir’. But all her hope is devastated as she sees her son Isa al-Masih rejected by the Jews and being crucified and dying upon the cross. Matthew 21:38 ‘But when the husbandmen saw the son, they said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and let us seize on his inheritance.’ John 19:25 “Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother [Maryam]”…
13. Both sons were rejected:
Hagar’s son: rejected by Sarah the first wife of Ibrahim. Genesis 21:10 ‘Wherefore she said unto Abraham [Ibrahim], Cast out this bondwoman and her son: for the son of this bondwoman shall not be heir with my son, even with Isaac.’ Foreshadowed the rejection of Isa al-Masih by Israel (Jews).
(A woman in Bible prophecy represents a Religious community) Taurat see: Jeremiah 6:2
Maryam’s Son: Isa al-Masih (Christ the Messiah) rejected by the Jews (Daughter of Zion-Israel.) These had been Allah’s chosen Religious community of that day but they rejected Isa al-Masih the Saviour or Messiah.
John 19:15 “But they cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar.”
Mark 15:14 ‘Then Pilate said unto them [Jews], Why, what evil hath he [Isa al-Masih] done? And they cried out the more exceedingly, Crucify him.[Isa al-Masih]’
14. Both sons left riches, honor, security and the comforts of home.
Isma’il: Honored firstborn now sent away without an inheritance, without honor, without security. Genesis 21:10 …“cast out this bondwoman and her son: for the son of this bondwoman shall not be heir with my son, even with Isaac.” This foreshadowed Isa al-Masih leaving the courts of Heaven to come to this fallen and wicked planet.
Isa al-Masih: There is a contrast here, Christ willingly left the glory, honor, security of Heaven. None the less, Isa al-Masih left the security of Heaven, He came to this dark earth, born in a cattle stall, came to redeem man and give mankind an eternal inheritance. [Daud] Psalm 89:44 “Thou [Allah] hast made his [Isa’s] glory to cease, and cast his throne down to the ground [earth]”
15. Both sons grew, were protected and nurtured by Allah.
Isma’il: Genesis 21:20 “And God [Allah] was with the lad; and he grew, and dwelt in the wilderness, and became an archer.”
Isa al-Masih: Luke 2:40 “And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom: and the grace of God was upon him.”
16. Both sons were revived:
Isma’il: While dying of thirst in the wilderness desert. Genesis 21:19 “And God [Allah] opened her eyes, and she [Hagar] saw a well of water; and she went, and filled the bottle with water, and gave the lad drink.” This incident foreshadowed the resurrection of Isa al-Masih from the grave.
Isa al-Masih: Died in the wilderness of sin, was buried and after three days was raised to life. Mark 16:6 “And he [angel of Heaven] saith unto them, Be not affrighted: Ye seek Jesus of Nazareth, which was crucified: he is risen; he is not here: behold the place where they laid him.”
17. Both sons involved a fountain.
To Isma’il: dying of thirst, a fountain of water was opened in the wilderness to sustain him and Hagar. Genesis 21:19 This account foreshadowed a fountain opening to sustain humanity.
From Isa al-Masih: a fountain of blood and water were opened from the side of Christ, to sustain mankind. John 19:34 “But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.” That fountain opened for humanity both redemption as well as cleansing from sin.
18. Both sons were separated from their father and which caused deep anguish.
Isma’il: Separated from his father Ibrahim and caused Ibrahim much anguish. Genesis 21:11 “And the thing was very grievous in Abraham's sight because of his son.” This foreshadowed the anguish which the Heavenly Father would experience when He was separated from His Son Isa al-Masih on the cross of Calvary. Genesis 21:14 Ibrahim sent… “the child, and..(Hagar the mother) away: and she departed, and wandered in the wilderness of Beersheba.”
Isa al-Masih: By Him coming to this fallen world and voluntarily taking upon Himself the sin of the human race, this caused a separation from His Heavenly Father. Isa bore the penalty and guilt of sin and paid the ransom for mankind. Matthew 27:46 “And about the ninth hour Jesus [Isa al-Masih] cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?” Matthew 27:43 “He [Isa al-Masih] trusted in God [Allah]; let him deliver him now, if he will have him: for he said, I am the Son of God [Allah]”
19. “Bread and Water”
Isma’il: Was given bread and water by his father Ibrahim as he and his mother [Maryam] were sent away. Genesis 21:14 “And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and took bread, and a bottle of water, and gave it unto Hagar, putting it on her shoulder, and the child, and sent her away: and she departed, and wandered in the wilderness of Beersheba.” Ibrahim prefigured giving the message of Christ to Islam in the form of Bread and Water to Hagar.
Isa al-Masih: Was called the “Bread of Life” and “Water of Life” John 6:35 “And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst.” Revelation 21:6 “And he said unto me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega [Isa al-Masih], the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely.”
20. The number Twelve is significant to both.
Isma’il: bore twelve sons. Genesis 17:20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation.”
Isa al-Masih: chose twelve disciples/Apostles.
Luke 9:1 “Then he called his twelve disciples together, and gave them power and authority over all devils, and to cure diseases.”
21. Both sons spent time in the wilderness (desert) where they suffered.
Isma’il: Sent away into the wilderness where he went through grievous suffering. Genesis 21:14 “And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and took bread, and a bottle of water, and gave it unto Hagar, putting it on her shoulder, and the child, and sent her away: and she departed, and wandered in the wilderness of Beersheba.” This foreshadowed Isa al-Masih as He is driven into the wilderness desert where He experiences grievous temptations and suffering by Iblis (Devil).
Isa al-Masih: Matthew 4:1 “Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil.”
What should be our response? Allah has spoken to the seed of Ibrahim, to those from the side of Isma’il. Allah in His compassion and love for all the souls of men wants the truth of Isa al-Masih the Saviour of mankind to be offered to the seed of Isma’il. Allah has not left anyone destitute but has come near to us again, a fountain has been opened in the desert for all, drink and be filled. May you believe in your heart that Allah sent Isa al-Masih, the Holy One as your Saviour, Intercessor, Shafi, Wali, Protector and Redeemer from sin. May Allah grant you His Eternal Peace.
Assalamua’laikum wa rohmatullahi wabarakatuh
Series no. 20